On May 20, 1983, researchers Robert Gallo and Luc Montagnier identified the cause of AIDS, a serious disease of the immune system: HIV.

In 1987, the first treatment for HIV was approved. In the 20 following years, more than 30 were approved.

Women are 20 times more likely to become infected with HIV virus than men.

85% of HIV infections are transmitted during unprotected sexual intercourse.
10% through blood transfusions.
5% mother-to-child transmission.

In 2013, 35 million people were living with HIV, 19 million did not know they were HIV-positive. 80% of infections occur in 10 countries.
Nigeria
Ethiopia
Uganda
Kenya
Tanzania
Zambia
Malawi
Zimbabwe
Mozambique
South Africa

In 10 years, new infections have decreased by 50% in the countries most at risk, thanks to antiretroviral drugs.

In South Africa there is the highest number of people suffering from AIDS: over 6 million.

In 2013, a million and a half people died because of AIDS, 240,000 were younger than 15.
Fonti
World Health Organization; Retrovirology; Center for Disease Control Weekly Report; aids.gov; UNAIDS; ABC
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